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June 19, 2021

The Illusion of “Free” Education in North Korea

first_img North Korea tries to accelerate building of walls and fences along border with China RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR SHARE By Daily NK – 2009.07.20 6:20pm In May, 1990, Kim Jong Il was appointed First Vice-Chairman of the National Defense Commission, and in December of the following year became the supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army. Through this process, Kim grasped supreme command of the Military and the Workers’ Party, and secured the foundations of his power. At that time, Kim Il Sung was the titular head of state and National Defense Commission Chairman, but had already become a symbolic figure. The leadership was falling gently into Kim Jong Il’s hands. While Kim was moving to secure his power, the economy was moving into a phase of rapid deterioration. As the Warsaw Pact was dismantled in 1991 following the collapse of the Eastern European communist bloc, North Korea’s international aid and trade took a hammering. These national financial crises seriously affected education. ▲ The nominally gratis education systemIn 1977, North Korea launched an 11-year compulsory education system, and poured flattery on itself as an “education state.”Kim Il Sung called children national treasures and made frequent onsite inspections at educational facilities. Every New Year’s Day he watched a special children’s performance. However, Kim Jong Il did not have nearly as much interest in education as his father. When he was a candidate to succeed, he accompanied his father to inspections at schools, but after Kim Il Sung’s death he stopped doing so. Instead, Kim Jong Il consider students just supplementary workers for farm-support activities in spring and fall, and as targets for exploitation. This is all about the campaign, “Do good things.” The most popular “good things” are raising rabbits and providing the People’s Army with aid. If students don’t have rabbits, the schools take their money instead. People in South Korea tend to think that the time when North Korea’s free education system started collapsing was after the famine, but in reality it was the 1990s. As state investment in education was reduced, schools began operating autonomously, depending on their students in many ways. The first example of the need to “do good things” was providing coal in the early 1990s. During the Kim Il Sung period, coal had been provided for schools first, before other facilities, but since his death, education facilities have been largely excluded from provision. It is impossible for schools to solve their heating problems without state support during the winter, but they do their best by forcing students to give firewood, coal or money. Most parents would prefer to educate their kids by paying a certain fee, rather than providing such things in the name of doing “a good thing.” The list of educational hardships is almost endless. Further examples include;– Nowadays, schools have problems providing students with text books, which were free in the past, so students have to use their seniors’ text books. Excluding Pyongyang, less than 50% of students get new, free text books every year. – Every time desks, chairs, school roofs, fences and others facilities are repaired, students have to pay for it. – In universities and senior schools, students have to give a certain degree of bribe like firewood, gasoline, alcohol, or money in order to take exams and get credits, too. News The Illusion of “Free” Education in North Korea Entire border patrol unit in North Hamgyong Province placed into quarantine following “paratyphoid” outbreak center_img Facebook Twitter There are signs that North Korea is running into serious difficulties with its corn harvest News News News AvatarDaily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] last_img read more

September 28, 2020

Groundbreaking starts trans-Sulawesi railway construction

first_imgINDONESIA: Minister of Transportation Evert Erenst Mangindaa attended a groundbreaking ceremony in Siawung on August 12 to formally launch construction of the 145 km Makassar – Pare Pare first phase of the planned trans-Sulawesi railway network The line is to be built under the MP3EI national infrastructure programme. It is intended to support predicted economic growth on Sulawesi, which is one of the less developed of the Indonesian islands but possesses significant mineral resources.A memorandum of understanding for the project was signed by the ministry and the South Sulawesi provincial government on June 1 2012. The cost of the initial line is estimated at Rp9tr, including rolling stock.last_img

September 26, 2020

Two Bodies Found During Major Coastal Search Operation

first_img“The men are yet to be formally identified, but are believed to be the that of the 46 year-old man and 35 year-old man, who police understand launched their speed boat from Port Logan at around 0900 hours on Saturday 6 May 2017. Enquiries are ongoing to determine the circumstances surrounding the incident.” AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInTwo bodies have been found after a major search of the Dumfries and Galloway Coastline near Port Logan – Stranraer and the surrounding area was launched on Saturday May the 6th 2017 after two men aged 46 and 35 and their speedboat had gone missing while sailing on a leisure trip from Port Logan.The joint search operation involved two helicopters plus several lifeboats, coastguard rescue teams and police.Inspector Stephen Bell, Dumfries and Galloway Police Division, said:“Following a joint search operation by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency, the RNLI and Police Scotland, we can confirm that the bodies of two men have been recovered from the west coast of the Irish Sea.last_img read more

September 18, 2020

Chelsea keeper Courtois a doubt for Everton match

first_imgChelsea goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois is a doubt for Saturday’s game against Everton because of a knee problem.The Belgian, 23, played in his country’s Euro 2016 qualifiers against Bosnia and Cyprus and returned unscathed.But he suffered an injury in training on Wednesday and his condition is being assessed ahead of the Blues’ trip to Merseyside.AdChoices广告Summer signing Asmir Begovic, who recently deputised when Courtois was suspended, is standing by to replace him this weekend. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img

September 9, 2020

Did Aaron Hernandez watch Patriots defeat Falcons in 2017 Super Bowl from prison?

first_img COMMENT Aaron Hernandez was one of the most popular NFL players who played with the New England Patriots. The former Patriots tight end played with the team through 2010-2012 before he was convicted of murder charges in the killing of a semi-pro footballer Odin Lloyd. Additionally, he underwent trail for a drive-by shooting outside a nightclub of which he had been acquitted two years later. These incidents had led to his release from the Patriots in 2013.Also Read | Aaron Hernandez Net Worth, NFL Career With Patriots, Murder Scandal And Netflix SeriesAaron Hernandez was allowed to watch Patriots vs Falcons in prisonAs Tom Brady led the New England Patriots to a historic win against the Atlanta Falcons in the 2017 Super Bowl, Aaron Hernandez was reportedly watching the event on television along with millions of the NFL fans around the world. Unfortunately, since Aaron Hernandez was locked up in a maximum-security prison cell at the time, his only option was to watch the remainder of the Super Bowls from inside a jail cell.Also Read | NBA Trade Rumours: Spurs Look For Suitors In Order To Trade DeMar DeRozan In FebruaryAccording to a report by WBSM, it was reported that Christopher Fallon, the Director of Communications for the Department of Communications stated that the inmates like Aaron Hernandez were allowed to watch the game in their prison cell. He further explained that it was only possible for those who had purchased a television from the prison store. Fallon, however, had not divulged any details specific to Aaron Hernandez citing privacy regulations. The report also added that it was a safe assumption that Hernandez had a television inside his cell. Fallon had also stated that the Commonwealth of Massachusetts did not provide cable television, so Aaron Hernandez’s only option was to pick up the game on his TV with an antenna.Also Read | Miguel Castro Of Baltimore Orioles Robbed At Gunpoint In Dominican RepublicThe report also suggested that the former Patriots star indeed watched the Super Bowl, but with the same picture quality that America watched the Pittsburgh Steelers in the 1970s, and on a smaller screen. Fallon also explained that the meals for prisoners are planned far in advance by dieticians who do not pay any attention to the Super Bowl events when selecting the menu.How did Aaron Hernandez die?Aaron Hernandez was serving a life sentence post the conviction and reportedly passed away after committing suicide in his prison cell in Shirley, Massachusetts. Since the incident, numerous conspiracy theories have swirled around the Patriots star taking his own life and if he really did so. His death still remains a mystery and has also inspired a three-part Netflix documentary series titled Killer Inside: The Mind of Aaron Hernandez which premiered on January 15, 2020.Also Read | Aaron Hernandez Story: From A Bonafide NFL Superstar To A Convicted Murderer WATCH US LIVE LIVE TV First Published: 16th January, 2020 17:04 IST Danish Ansari center_img SUBSCRIBE TO US FOLLOW US Written By Last Updated: 16th January, 2020 17:04 IST Did Aaron Hernandez Watch Patriots Defeat Falcons In 2017 Super Bowl From Prison? Did Aaron Hernandez watch his team the New England Patriots beat the Atlanta Falcons in the 2017 Super Bowl from prison? Read on for the details and more.last_img read more