first_img4 October 2002The Constitutional Court has given the go-ahead for politicians to cross the floor and join another political party without losing their seats, in a ruling which is likely to make a significant impact on the country’s political landscape.In a landmark ruling on Friday the Constitutional Court upheld legislation passed by Parliament on floor-crossing in June this year. Constitutional Court Judge President Arthur Chaskalson said a 15-day window period for defections at local government level would be allowed, starting on October 8.Although the ruling, made unanimously by the 11 judges of the country’s highest court, applies to local level government only, it paves the way for the piloting of legislation in Parliament to allow for defections at national and provincial level.In handing down the judgement Chaskalson said the Court came to the conclusion that “floor-crossing legislation for national, provincial and local government level is not as such inconsistent with the Constitution”.The African National Congress (ANC) and the New National Party (NNP) are strongly behind the legislation but some minority parties are unhappy with it. The United Democratic Movement (UDM) put the brakes on planned floor crossings a few months ago when it gained a court order delaying the passing of the legislation by taking it first to the Constitutional Court.When the order was granted, UDM leader Bantu Holomisa said: “We should be proud that we still have our judicial system which is showing its independence – the state said we had no case.”Strengthens democracyThe ANC has fought for the legislation in the belief that “it strengthens democracy because it gives elected public representatives the right to make choices within the confines of the Constitution’.The NNP has also backed the legislation. There are nine councillors in the Western Cape, including several in the Cape Town unicity, who intend crossing from the DA to the NNP. The new ruling could swing the power balance in favour of the ANC in the unicity, which is ruled by an ANC/NNP alliance, and in the KwaZulu-Natal legislature.SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

first_imgSouth Africans supported the 2010 Fifa World Cup and national team Bafana Bafana as a nation united. (Image: MediaClubsouthafrica.com. For more free photos, visit the image library)On 24 September 2010, South Africa celebrates its national Heritage Day, which aims to highlight and promote the country’s diverse cultural expressions – such as music, languages, food, and craft – and heritage. These important factors together contribute significantly to nation building.During this year’s Heritage Month, the South African government will celebrate the successes of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, and the contribution of all South Africans in making the tournament the triumph that it was.While events will take place all around the country under the theme Celebrating 2010 Fifa World Cup successes: our heritage, the main gathering will be held at the Moses Mabhida Stadium in Durban on 24 September, with President Jacob Zuma in attendance.South Africa’s globally acclaimed hosting of the World Cup has instilled a spirit of hope and the belief that the country can achieve even greater things.“The successful hosting of the tournament has become part of our legacy and national heritage, and will always be a source of inspiration and hope to future generations,” said government spokesperson Themba Maseko.‘Keep the spirit of ubuntu going’Earlier in September, Arts and Culture Minister Lulu Xingwana urged South Africans to use Heritage Month to deepen the country’s humanity and unity, as they did during the World Cup.Let us work together to sustain the spirit of ubuntu and patriotism that prevailed during the global event,” Xingwana said.She urged South Africans to celebrate their collective achievements during the Fifa World Cup, from the building of infrastructure to the feeling of goodwill and exuberance that pervaded the country. The hard work and sacrifices of the various sectors of society during the World Cup is just cause for celebration this Heritage Day.“We believe that it is important to sustain the positive memory [of the World Cup], and mobilise all the sectors of our society in the celebration of this distinctive period in the history of our country,” Xingwana said.She added that it was important to keep the World Cup momentum going, and to commit as a nation to strive towards social cohesion.• Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

first_imgalex williams Related Posts Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Tags:#enterprise#news SAP has been ordered to pay $1.3 billion to Oracle – the largest fine ever levied for a copyright infringement case.According to Bloomberg, in 2002, the Recording Industry Association of America was awarded $136 million in a case that involved copying and distributing 1,500 songs by artists including Elvis Presley, Madonna and James Brown. Bloomberg also reports the Oracle verdict is the largest jury award this year and the 23rd largest of all time.The Oracle case has nothing to do with music. Instead, this case is about SAP stealing intellectual property to provide low cost support for Oracle customers. In turn, the hope was was to lure these Oracle customers over to SAP.In the case, Oracle sued SAP for illegal downloads and copying thousands of copies of Oracle’s software. The case centered around SAP’s TomorrowNow unit, which the German software giant acquired in 2005 and closed in 2008.The jury ruled that the intent was to avoid paying licensing fees for the Oracle software.SAP has earlier admitted its guilt but claimed it only should pay $40 million.So why such a large fine? It appears that it was the scale of the operation that convinced the jury to award such a sum of money. It may also be due to the absence of Leo Apotheker, the former SAP CEO, who is now CEO of Hewlett-Packard. Apotheker avoided getting served by Oracle who wanted him to testify about what he knew of the downloads. His absence could not have been looked on sympathetically by the jury.Or maybe the jury liked what they heard from Oracle Co-President Safra Catz in her testimony. She said SAP should pay $1.6 billion in damages. She thought the SAP offer of $40 million did not all take into account the magnitude of the theft.According to All Things D, Catz testified:“You know if Warner Brothers had a little subsidiary that copied Disney’s entire library and started selling it for $2 a copy, and they got caught and then offered to give Disney back half of what they made, is Disney’s library only worth $50?,” she asked. “I mean, really. It’s valuable. The fact that it was copied doesn’t change that it’s valuable.”The defense scoffed at her “colorful analogy,” but that may have sealed it for the jury. Catz put Oracle’s position out there in terms a jury could understand.That may have been just enough for the jury to come back with such a historic verdict.center_img IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Nowlast_img read more

first_imgIllinois budget legislation has been enacted over Gov. Bruce Rauner’s veto that increases corporate and personal income tax rates, creates an income and personal property replacement tax addback for the federal domestic production activities deduction under IRC §199, expands the definition of “unitary business group,” extends the sunset date for the research and development income tax credit, increases the education expense and earned income tax credits, eliminates the educational expense credit, the property tax credit, and personal income tax exemptions for certain taxpayers, and establishes a new income tax credit for teachers, instructors, counselors, principals, or aides who purchase school instructional materials and supplies.Sales and use tax (TAXDAY, 2017/07/10, S.7) and other tax provisions (TAXDAY, 2017/07/10, S.8) are discussed in separate stories.Income Tax RatesEffective for taxable years beginning on or after July 1, 2017, the corporate income tax rate is increased from 5.25% to 7% and the personal income tax rate is increased from 3.75% to 4.95%.IRC §199 AdjustmentEffective for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2017, taxpayers computing Illinois corporate income, personal income, and replacement tax liability must addback an amount equal to any federal deduction claimed by a taxpayer under IRC §199 for domestic production activities.Unitary Business GroupsMembers of a unitary business group must compute Illinois corporate income and replacement tax liability using the water’s edge combined reporting method. Effective for taxable years ending before December 31, 2017, a “unitary business group” cannot include members that use different apportionment formulas. For example, insurance companies, financial organizations, and transportation companies must use special industry apportionment formulas and cannot be included in the same unitary group, effective for taxable years ending before December 31, 2017, with a general business corporation required to use a different one-factor formula. Effective for taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2017, the phrase “United States”, as used in the definition of “unitary business group” (e.g., 80/20 U.S. business activity rule), includes any area over which the U.S. has asserted jurisdiction or claimed exclusive rights over natural resource exploration or exploitation. Effective for taxable years ending before December 31, 2017, the phrase “United States” does not include those areas. The definition continues to exclude any U.S. territory or possession.Research and Development CreditThe sunset date for the research and development (R&D) credit that may be claimed against Illinois corporate income, personal income, and replacement tax liability is extended from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2022. The R&D credit is intended to apply continuously for all tax years ending on or after December 31, 2004 and before January 1, 2022, including the period beginning on January 1, 2016 and ending on the effective date of the legislation. The credit is equal to 6.5% of qualifying R&D expenditures.Education Expense and Earned Income Tax CreditsThe maximum education expense credit is increased from $500 to $750 for tax years ending on or after December 31, 2017. Resident taxpayers who were the parent or legal guardian of a full-time student, who was a resident under the age of 21 at the close of the school year and who attended kindergarten through 12fth grade at a public or nonpublic school in Illinois during the tax year, may claim a credit against Illinois personal income tax liability for qualified education expenses paid for the student if the expenses exceed $250. The Illinois education expense credit is equal to 25% of the qualified expenses each year up to the maximum allowable credit.The Illinois earned income tax credit (EITC) that may be claimed against personal income tax liability is increased from 10% to 14% of the federal EITC for taxable years beginning after 2016 and from 14% to 18% of the federal credit for taxable years beginning after 2017.School Instructional Materials and Supplies CreditEffective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2017, teachers, instructors, counselors, principals, or aides who work at least 900 hours in a public or non-public school during the school year may claim a credit against personal income tax liability for the amount paid or $250, whichever is less, for classroom instructional materials and supplies. Unused credits may be carried forward for up to 5 taxable years.Personal Income Credit and Exemption LimitsEffective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2017, taxpayers who have adjusted gross income for the taxable year exceeding $500,000 for taxpayers filing a joint federal return or $250,000 for all other taxpayers may not claim:– the education expense credit;– the 5% credit for property taxes paid on residential real property; or– personal income tax exemptions.The standard personal exemption is $2,050, plus an annual cost-of-living inflation adjustment based on the Consumer Price Index. An additional $1,000 exemption is allowed for each taxpayer who is 65 or older and for each taxpayer who is blind.P.A. 100-22 (S.B. 9), Laws 2017, effective July 6, 2017 and as notedlast_img read more

first_imgThe Arizona Commerce Authority has adopted a rule providing guidelines for the Small Business Capital Investment Incentive Program (Angel Investment Program), which provides tax credits to investors who make capital investments in businesses certified by the Arizona Commerce Authority. From and after June 30, 2017, though June 30, 2021, the Authority may allocate tax credits up to the $2.5 million annual cap, plus any unused credit capacity carried over from the preceding fiscal year or years. Tax credits are authorized on a first come, first served basis, and are equal to 30% or 35% of the investment amount. Tax credits can be claimed over a three year period and any unused credits can be carried forward for up to three tax years. The adopted rule discusses the application process, eligibility requirements, and provides an overview of tax credits and limitations. Other topics discussed include submittal of requests for certification and corresponding reviews, process for claiming tax credits, and revocation of certification and recapture of credits.The rule may be viewed at https://d35uq38u77mscr.cloudfront.net/media/1475146/Posting-for-17-02-Final-Adoption.pdf.Rule 17-02, Arizona Commerce Authority, effective July 17, 2017last_img read more

first_img Chemists Joseph DeSimone and Chad Mirkin have known each other for decades. They’re such good friends that they’ve even vacationed together on the North Carolina coast. But now, Mirkin is doing his best to put DeSimone, CEO of a well-known 3D printing company, out of work. Today, Mirkin and his colleagues at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, announced they’ve created a 3D printer that builds the largest ever objects to date at high speeds—an advance that could revolutionize the manufacturing of car and airplane parts, and undermine DeSimone’s business, called Carbon.Still, DeSimone says, “I love seeing the innovation in this field.” And he’s not worried about competition; when it comes to making finished products for customers, he says, the size of the printer is “just the beginning.” Mirkin’s technology has a long way to go to prove its worth on the market. Nevertheless, Michael McAlpine, a chemist at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, who was not involved with the work, describes it as “a pretty significant advance.”3D printing got its start in the early 1980s. Today, the most common version uses light to cure a liquid plastic resin, layer by layer, into a solid. After the first layer is cured and pulled away from the printer, the projector illuminates the pattern onto a new layer that cures and joins to the first. 3D printers are precise enough to create far more intricate designs than most traditional manufacturing processes. Yet, early 3D printing was slow, often taking the better part of a day to manufacture objects the size of a coffee cup. Another problem was that the interfaces between the layers were structurally weak, making finished objects fragile.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)A key advance came in 2015 when DeSimone, then at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, and his colleagues reported in Science the creation of a 3D printing variation known as continuous liquid interface production (CLIP). The approach shines ultraviolet light through a window into a space filled by liquid resin. The window also allows oxygen to diffuse into the liquid, where it creates a thin “dead zone” that resists curing. Above this zone, the light cures the resin into a solid. A robotic attachment slowly pulls the growing solid out of the resin, allowing additional material to cure and adhere without interfaces; the resulting object is structurally far more robust than those made with previous methods.Since publishing the results, DeSimone and his Redwood, California–based company have raised more than $680 million and forged production agreements with a host of companies, including Adidas, Ford, and Riddell, for the manufacture of everything from car parts and shoes to dental implants and football helmets.Still, even CLIP has limitations. One problem is that the curing process releases heat, which can cause printed parts to warp and crack. To effectively dissipate this heat, objects can be no larger than 41.4 centimeters by 25.9 centimeters at the cross section.Now, Mirkin’s team reports that by circulating a liquid coolant beneath the liquid resin, and later passing it through a cooling unit, they can pull heat directly from these growing printed objects. That allowed researchers to print 3D objects the size of a human adult in just a few hours, they write today in Science.Mirkin notes that this technique can create objects nearly 1 square meter in cross section and more than 4 meters high by positioning light from four projectors side by side, a process they refer to as “tiling.” In the future, he says, adding additional projectors will let them print even bigger objects. “Tiling, with our technology, is theoretically unlimited,” Mirkin says.Mirkin and his colleagues have launched a company called Azul 3D to commercialize the printing technology. The company is refining prototypes and expects to begin to sell printers in 18 months. By Robert F. ServiceOct. 17, 2019 , 2:15 PM Fast new 3D printing method creates objects as big as an adult humanlast_img read more

first_imgTop seed Rafael Nadal battled his way into the quarter-finals of the Australian Open with a hard-fought win over Diego Schwartzman in the fourth round on Sunday.Nadal was rattled by a feisty challenge from Schwartzman but held firm to fend off the diminutive Argentine 6-3 6-7(4) 6-3 6-3 to reach the last-eight of the Australian Open for the 10th time.That quarterfinal feeling #AusOpen pic.twitter.com/gBgIGhBzEP— #AusOpen (@AustralianOpen) January 21, 2018In an often breathtaking clash boasting some sumptuous shot-making, the Spaniard was stunned by the hard-hitting Schwartzman who broke him three times before claiming the second set at Rod Laver Arena.But the 16-times Grand Slam champion responded with typical grit, raising his defensive game to blanket the 24th seed’s firepower and claiming the win on the third match point with a rocketed backhand return down the line.“That’s confidence for myself – knowing that I can resist almost four hours on court at a good intensity so quarterfinals already… I’m very happy for that.”- @RafaelNadal #AusOpen pic.twitter.com/h6UXVkP1s2— #AusOpen (@AustralianOpen) January 21, 2018The victory ensured Nadal will retain his world number one ranking and set up a meeting with sixth seed and former U.S. Open champion Marin Cilic for a place in the semi-finals.(Courtesy: Reuters)”One match like this is confidence for myself… Knowing that I can resist almost four hours on court.”-@RafaelNadal #AusOpen pic.twitter.com/GNvrzASObW— #AusOpen (@AustralianOpen) January 21, 2018last_img read more

first_imgCALGARY – Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. says it expects to have more than 500 new high-capacity grain hopper cars in service before the end of 2018.The Calgary-based company has placed an initial order for 1,000 cars from Hamilton-based National Steel Car and expects to order a total of about 5,900 of the grain hoppers over the next four years.Canadian Pacific announced few details about the cost of the new grain hopper cars, except that it plans to invest more than half a billion dollars as part of its commitment to the North American agricultural sector.Rival Canadian National Railway Co. announced a similar order of 1,000 hopper cars in May, also from National Steel Car.Both companies said their orders were facilitated by federal government changes that encourage railways to make investments to avert service disruptions.The Transportation Modernization Act includes financial penalties for railways that fail to deliver promised rail cars for grain shipments on time.Companies in this story: (TSX:CP)last_img read more

first_imgIf it wasn’t for the dangerous consequences for working people and their families, the present British government crisis would be a source of unending amusement. To see a Tory government unable to command a majority in Parliament, unable to find agreement over the central pillar of policy, divided into almost irreconcilable camps and now compelled to rely on the votes of a gaggle of colonials whose bigotry is only surpassed by their venality should have us in stitches. Also Read – A special kind of bondSo restricted is Theresa May’s freedom of action that comedians are already suggesting cutting out the middle woman and making Arlene Foster premier. Having the leading representative of the “Developers” Unionist Party in formal charge of the full colonial regime might give the illusion of transparency. Joking aside, the developing reality is that capital is increasingly comfortable with the idea that Northern Ireland’s weird status can be dispensed with if it interferes with profit making. Also Read – Insider threat managementIn truth, the political crisis is so deep that only an election offers a realistic prospect of clearing the ground. The government has lost control of the parliamentary timetable and a cross-party consensus in this Parliament of Remainers is planning a series of indicative votes to divine a way to meet their passing fancy (or at least one that they can reconcile with the desire to keep their parliamentary seats). All this turns Britain’s infinitely flexible unwritten constitution into a comedy of errors. May says she will not be constrained by a Commons majority that forces upon her a variation from the Brexit mandate she claims her election mandate gives. This is unfamiliar territory for Tories whose election manifestos usually conceal more than they reveal about their intentions. But 85 per cent of MPs were elected on a promise to deliver Brexit and her “I support the people” act could resonate with angry voters. Nevertheless she has lost the initiative and MPs — we hardly are able to define them by party label any longer — can put her in a straitjacket of their choosing. If they can but agree. The possible outcome of this situation is that a parliamentary majority may be assembled which would compel the government to negotiate a different Brexit from the one arising from her tryst with Michel Barnier or even no Brexit whatsoever. This crisis bares the essential and so far unchanging reality that Britain’s democracy is built upon an unspoken convention that Parliament can only represent the British people in as far as giving effect to popular sentiment that does not challenge the existing order. This “democracy” is not best suited to accommodate divisions in the ruling class that are so profound as to compel them to mount opposing bids for popular support. What gives the guardians of capitalist continuity a real edge — integration on British terms with the EU, the North Atlantic Alliance, neoliberal economic policy and partnership with US imperial power — is divisions in the opposition. All sides in this farce face the reality that an election to reconstitute Parliament cannot take place before the deadline for deciding whether to participate in the elections to the European Parliament. After three years of foot-dragging and innumerable rounds of negotiations which have changed little of substance, public opinion in Britain is settling into camps that remain irreconcilable without a new kind of government. Last weekend’s demonstration represented a substantial slice of sentiment and, although it was quite unrepresentative of working-class Britain, it included many people who are not irreconcilably opposed to a transformative government. In its diversity, it is not the creature of the people who sponsored it, financed it and led it. Labour’s challenge is to find a way in which a popular majority for real change can be assembled.(Courtesy: Morning Star The author is the Editor of Morning Star, London. Views expressed are strictly personal.)last_img read more

first_imgKolkata: Kolkata Police has received a complaint from the state Public Service Commission (PSC), alleging that someone has cloned their official website and is running a similar website to mislead candidates with malafide intentions.According to sources, a few days ago some officials of PSC saw a website identical to theirs, where several updates regarding recruitment could be seen. Immediately, superior officials of the body were informed. Later, it was found that the fake website contains an extra tab named ‘call letter’, which is not there on the original website. Immediately, the Joint Secretary of PSC lodged a complaint against unknown miscreants at the Cyber Crime cell of Kolkata Police. After a day of lodging the complaint, Kolkata Police initiated a case and started a probe. After examining the website, sleuths found that it works just like the original one. It is suspected that while paying the fees, money may get credited to accounts of the alleged cheaters who had created the fake PSC website. Though no complaint from any candidate has been received yet, sleuths suspect that chances of candidates getting duped are high. The cheaters may have also issued fake appointment letters to the candidates. But it is yet to be confirmed as no such candidate could be traced till Thursday. The website, which was operational till Wednesday, was blocked on Thursday. Earlier, several fake websites of school service commission and other government websites were found and cases were lodged at the Bidhannagar Cyber Crime police station.last_img read more